Iroko Hardwood – The Most Important Features
Iroko is a North African hardwood commonly known as African Teak because of its similar brown-to-reddish brown color. However, unlike African Teak, it is not actually a tropical hardwood, which has a resin that keeps the wood from rotting in damp weather. Instead, Iroko is from West Africa, while old-growth Teak comes largely from Southeast Asia. The wood is durable enough for use in fine furniture, such as chairs and tables, and is easy to work with.
The grain in irioko wood is interlocked, or grain covers and grain. This allows the timber to join tightly for strength and durability. Because of this interlocking grain construction, it can be painted with multiple shades of colors, although the natural color is primarily light brown. A variety of durable finishes can be used on the wood, such as oil rubbed bronze, linseed oil and beeswax.
One of the reasons why it is popularly used in furniture is that the wood possesses natural interlock grain patterns. These patterns are rare in other types of wood, making this type of lumber highly desirable. In addition to its excellent grain patterns, iroko wood iroko tree is ideal for building birdhouses, planters, flooring and cabinets because of its ability to withstand the elements, especially water. In addition, this wood also possesses unique mechanical properties that make it ideal for carving and other woodworking tasks.
What makes iroko wood unique as shiplap cladding
Another trait that makes iron unique is its interlocking grain pattern. Because the grains are tightly interlocked, this makes the wood resistant to breaking. However, this also adds stress to the wood. This means that the harder the outer surface is, the more resistance to breaking is added, making this type of lumber highly desirable for use in high-end commercial applications, including flooring applications and furniture.
As mentioned above, the medium brown shade is typically found in the heartwood, which is the center part of the timber. This center part is the densest part of the entire piece. The sapwood located in the heartwood acts as a stabilizing agent, but it does not add additional strength to the wood such as shiplap cladding. Therefore, the sapwood in medium brown is primarily utilized for domestic flooring applications where it provides moderate hardness.
Choosing the right iroko wood
An important quality of this type of hardwood is that the inner side of each board is coated with a thin layer of an acid or an oil called tannin. The purpose of this coating is to protect the wood from damage due to moisture or insects, as well as increase the overall stability of the wood. This tannin-coated board is also referred to as heartwood. The term “hardwood” is often used to describe lumber with this type of finish. Many manufacturers prefer to call their lumber as such, rather than calling it heartwood. Consumers should always ask the manufacturer what they call the timber in order to get an accurate idea of its hardness.
Another important quality of this domestic hardwood is that it contains a high amount of interlaced grain. Interlacing is the process of adding minute gaps between individual grains of the wood, which increases the overall hardness of the piece. This grain is commonly found in high-end commercial species like the Iroko, which tends to have very deep, uniform grains. The interlocking grain makes it very resistant to both splitting and cracking. Split grains can result in larger voids that are not smooth, while cracking can easily occur if the crack is small enough.
One other quality of this hardwood is that it tends to expand and contract during humidity changes, but does not shrink during hot or cold temperatures. This allows it to be a good choice for use on woodworking projects that involve expansion and contraction of materials, such as a table saw or sander. In addition, this quality makes it very suitable for use on portable power tools. It is also resistant to ultraviolet light damage. These and many other important characteristics make the Iroko a popular choice for many types of furniture and other outdoor applications.